The smoke is luckily suspended too far aloft( at greater than 20,000 feet) to meaningfully impact the quality of the air we're breathing near the ground. The U.S. federal government's AirNow forecast calls for excellent air quality (code green) through Thursday.
The same can not be said for the Pacific Northwest and West Coast, where air quality has been amongst the worst anywhere in the world for numerous days.
However by blotting out the sun, the smoke is hindering what would have been a picture-perfect stretch of September days. If not for the fires, the D.C. area would remain in the middle of a short preview of the best fall has to provide: sparkling blue skies, pleasant temperatures and low humidity.
Instead, we have a rusty-gray smoke layer spotting over our skies.
The present round of coast-to-coast smoke got a huge boost around Labor Day, when a number of big fires took off throughout the West. Lots of have been burning because a freak lightning barrage struck Northern California in August, however the fire crisis expanded to Oregon and Washington state in the past 2 weeks after a heat wave followed by a rare to record combination of dry air and strong winds.
Since late Monday, California's fires in 2020 had burned a minimum of 3.2 million acres, an area equivalent to the size of Connecticut. This has actually sent unfathomable quantities of burned material into the environment. Even calling it a coast-to-coast event undersells it rather, as parts of the plume stretch from far west into the Pacific Ocean to the Canadian Maritimes. The plume broadened across a west-to-east band some 4,000 to 5,000 miles wide.
With superheated air and ash rising to 10 miles into the sky, that awesome height helps guarantee the smoke takes a trip on the jet stream. Once it does so, spread is just limited by wind instructions up and smoke concentration.
Reports of thick smoke have emerged across the nation.
While the smoke layer in the Mid-Atlantic is much greater than it is nearer the fires, making its effect near the ground minimal, it is however quite stout.
“Smoke coverage was about the densest, most even all-day obscuration I can keep in mind. Gray, gray, gray!” Robert Leffler, a retired climatologist for the National Weather Service, said Monday evening in an email from Damascus, Md.
. Santiago Gassó of the University of Maryland's Earth System Science Interdisciplinary Center agreed. He is a specialist in high-altitude clouds, aerosols and how they are discovered.
“This occasion is bigger than past ones,” he wrote in a Twitter direct message
The smoke plume is exceptional in 3 classifications, Gassó composed: “The extent of the smoke layer over the U.S. and beyond, permanence of the smoke layer in time and the levels of pollution remaining so high for such long distances.”
Gassó likewise worried that the observation tools for such smoke plumes have been fairly restricted historically, with better tools coming online only over the past decade or 2. It is hence tough to make long-term comparisons.
Ryan Stauffer, a professional on air pollution at NASA, concurred. “Quantitative context is difficult. Informally yes, this is unusual,” he composed in a Twitter direct message.
It's also likely that daytime temperatures have actually been held back somewhat by the thick upper-level smoke.
In the near term, expect more smoke.
“Hard to say it will disappear any time soon,” Stauffer wrote.
While models have considerable trouble with smoky specifics, the train of smoke continues from the West, and a nose of greater pressure up into the Northeast is helping to hold it in place. Heading into the weekend, a dip in the jet stream throughout the East ought to help move the pattern around sufficient for some clearer days, requiring the smoke southeastward.
Longer term, the pattern more or less reverts to today, and there is unfortunately no sign of fires ending out West.
Images of the smoke
Andrew Freedman added to this report.